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how to make organic fertilizer for organic food.


organic fertilizer for organic food

Today, there is a growing interest in organic foods. But there is a lack of understanding of what constitutes organic food and it is easy to fake. Therefore, it is important to have some understanding of this. Organic food is food produced by methods that conform to the standards of organic farming. These include artificial fertilizers and pesticides, plant growth control, livestock nutrition additives and genetically modified foods that are not made using genetically modified tissues.

The concept of organic food is more widely talked about than the chemical fertilizer produced on a large scale for the sake of speed and profit. Eating a poisonous diet can lead to many diseases including cancer, liver disease, kidney disease, cholesterol, stress, life expectancy, and infertility. Farmers use compost, compost and organic fertilizer for organic food production. Organic food (grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, meat, fish) preservatives and packaging are also used in a friendly way outside the body.

There are also different rules regarding organic food. The International Planning Systems for Organic Agriculture are provided by IFOAM and the members of the organization are based on the IFOAM Standards and Principles of Organic Agriculture Convention. Standards adopted from country to country are different, and a number of countries have introduced different rules for organic production.

Organic food crops are quite expensive. This is also common in many countries of the world. This is due to the relatively low yield and labor. In addition, businessmen who have ventured into organic agriculture have also been instrumental in determining this price. Local foods have received increasing attention in addition to organic foods, the alternative food source that has existed in the market so far. Local food is a food crop produced in areas where consumers live. The interest in these foods is due to the fact that the food is fresh, high quality and inexpensive and sometimes organic. Since they have not been transported over long distances, their environmental footprint is low. As such, an additional environmental value is added.

The demand for organic food is increasing in consumers of developed countries who are well aware of the unhealthy consequences of the use of chemicals in food production. The small and micro-market for food in developing countries is currently changing and the organic food market is expanding.

According to a survey conducted by Dr. Pushpa Malkanthi, Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Agriculture at the Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, the awareness of organic food in the urban areas is high due to the high education level of the people in the urban areas. Therefore, there is a growing trend of organic food becoming popular among urban consumers.

Nutrition is essential for plant growth and survival, just as nourishment is needed for our bodies to grow and stay healthy. Food is the primary source of our nutrition. Plants also fulfill their nutritional needs by absorbing the nutrients contained in the soil. The elements that are needed for plant growth and survival are called plant nutrients. Nutrients are essential nutrients that directly affect plant growth and survival. It can be further divided into macronutrients and micronutrients. Among the essential nutrients, the most important plant nutrients are nitrogen (N), potassium (K) and 
phosphorus (P).

Nitrogen is a major contributor to plant growth. When it thickens, the mature leaves turn yellow. The main service of potassium is to contribute to flowering and fruit production. When the potassium is deficient, the green leaves of the leaf capsules gradually turn brown. The main root of the plant is phosphorus. When the plant is stunted, the leaves become purple and dark green.

To overcome these shortcomings, it is necessary to provide fertilizer outside the soil for nutrients. The main types of fertilizer can be divided into two categories. It is called organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer. Organic fertilizers are nutrient-rich fertilizers derived from plant or animal parts.

Importance of Organic Fertilizer Application

Of these, organic fertilizer is more important for gardening. Crops that are grown using organic fertilizer are less susceptible to pests and other diseases. Therefore, the possibilities for the application of agrochemicals are limited. In fact, organic fertilizer is an environmentally friendly application.

Health care. Therefore, there is a high demand for vegetable fruits made from organic fertilizer even in the market. The use of organic fertilizer in home gardening provides many advantages in addition to the main nutrients and particulate nutrients needed for the crop. Due to the increase in cation capacity, the chemical fertilizer applied to the crop is kept in the soil for a long time. Science can give.

It protects soil moisture while retaining soil water. Increases the activity of soil organisms that are beneficial for plant growth. In addition, economically, organic fertilizer is advantageous. For example, much of what is removed from home cooking, the urine of animals, the fallen leaves from the trees in the garden, and the stumps of young trees are ideal for organic fertilizer. Organic fertilizer, like gold, can be made at home without cost. There are many different types of organic fertilizers such as compost, green manure, animal manure, liquid manure, and crop residues.

Organic fertilizer production is the process of producing simple organic matter, such as humus, by decomposing plant and animal waste through microbes. Compost is the main organic fertilizer of commercial value. Although produced as a fertilizer Composting is one of the oldest manures in the world. Unlike other organic waste, it has many unique features.

Environmental benefits of compost production

Opportunity for waste management.
Contamination of wastes and weed seeds.
Keeping the environment clean
Minimization of environment and groundwater pollution

The benefits of compost production to society

Increased employment opportunities
Receiving the commercial value of waste.
Establishment of a commercial industry.
Saving foreign exchange as a compost can reduce chemical fertilizer.

Advantages of agriculture in the production and use of compost

Increase soil fertility.
Increase in yield.
Benefits of Agricultural Economy
Ability to provide nutrients to the soil quickly compared to other organic wastes.
Balancing the supply of plant nutrients through compost
Increasing the efficiency of chemical fertilizers.
Improvement of soil chemical, physical and biological characteristics.
Proper management of crop residues and other wastes will minimize crop diseases and pests.
Minimization of soil erosion
Increasing population of soil organisms such as aphids and other microorganisms

Importance of compost fertilizer

Unlike the raw materials used to make compost
The nutrients present in the compost are significantly soluble.
The quick and easy absorption of nutrients in the compost.
Crops respond faster to compost than to organic ones.
Low volume of compost material
Compost contains more nutrients due to the use of many ingredients.
Unlike decaying raw materials, composting is easier.
Ease of storage due to lack of volume.
Some organic pollutants are not as harmful (eg, grass and dung are not sprayed as weed and poultry manure is sprayed.)
Having commercial value.
As with other organic fertilizers, it can be applied as a surface fertilizer not only as a basic fertilizer but also during the growth of a crop.

The unique features of compost

Organic fertilizer is the most suitable crop for crop Fertilizer. The ability to produce compost with quality Due to the existence of the small pieces or as interesting a lighter consists of vīma.kuḍak apply usage and content delivery for quantities of nutrients easier vīma. pōṣya easy to produce compost almost all nutrients hækiyāva.pōṣya ability.
No odor as animal manure

Method of preparation of organic fertilizer

The pit system
Landing system

The pit system

Pit Method - Suitable for dry zone and wet season.

Pit Method - 2 meters in length,
Width is 1 meter
Depth / Height 0.6 m

Landing system

Reclamation system - good for wet zone and dry zone rainy season.

Landing system - Length - 1- 2m
Width 01m
Depth / Height 0.75m

How to make a pit system

1. Standard size of a pit - 30 "-15" -2 "(9-4, 5-0.6m)

2. Apply 5 - 12cm of foam to the bottom of the pit to absorb hay or chaff.

3. Apply ash (dilute water mixed with 1 - 10 (20) diluted liquid) as a means of supplying microorganisms.

4. Pour the processed organic matter into 15cm.

5. Spray the microbial media on it.

6. Cover the microbial media and organic material alternately until the ground is about 05cm.

7. Pack a layer of fine sand on the surface.

8. Cover with surface polythene if there is rain.

9. Use drains to prevent water from flowing into the pit.

10. Mix the deposited material to properly decompose the organic matter.

First blend - 2 weeks, 2. Second mixing - 04 weeks, Third mixing in 8 weeks.

11. If the temperature of the pit is too high, periodically sprinkle water and lower the temperature.

1. Filling,

2. Protective substances,

3. Organic matter.

12. Always spray the protective liquid over the mix. Finish and cover as before.

13. Compost fertilizer can be obtained within three months.

The loose structure, grayish-brown color, pleasant aroma, and compost are all evidence of well-being.

Long term benefits

Increase crop productivity, increase fertility and reduce chemical fertilizer imports

Short term benefits

Determination and use of newly usable organic ingredients Increase production of organic matter. Compost production by available organic raw materials and urban garbage, industrial organic waste and rural waste. High-quality compost production with modern technology. Increasing large-scale, medium and small scale compost production. Popularization Promotion, Promotion of compost marketing, Improvement of infrastructure of commercial compost producers


Increase food production and increase farmers' income.
Increasing organic fertilizer production
Increasing the use of organic fertilizer
Reducing the Import of Chemical Fertilizers (25%).
Reduce chemical fertilizer expenditure by 25%
Minimizing Environmental Pollution through Proper Waste Management by Maximizing Organic Waste to Compost Production
Production of compost according to standards.
Reduce soil and water pollution through proper integrated plant nutritional practices
Reduce soil erosion
Increase soil fertility in the long run.
Improving animal husbandry.
Maintaining the nutrients in the soil and therefore reducing the nutrient densities and wastage helps the plant grow well
Slow-release of high-density nutrients, preventing them from becoming overweight
Helping to retain and maintain the soil moisture while minimizing the effects of moisture.
Improvement of soil (structure) composition

Organic fertilizers have the potential to prevent problems with the use of artificial fertilizers. Accordingly,

Ability to burn excess nutrients Causing a significant shortage of soluble hydrogen and phosphorus.

Disadvantages of using organic fertilizer

When compared to inorganic fertilizers, nutrient-diluted fertilizers are transported to far-flung areas. Organic fertilizers are more complex than inorganic fertilizers.

Such systematic composting should be done away with. In non-organic fertilizer planting, organic-inorganic fertilizer is also used to a certain standard.

Consequences of Agrochemical Abuse

Not only are these pests harmful to the crop but also harmful to the crop. Continuous use of various chemicals, especially against pests, creates resistant organisms. Some effects show up after a short period of time, although they do not show up. These chemicals are first absorbed by the primary producer of plants, which in turn moves to the rest of the food chain. There is a concern that chronic disease can be caused by the ingestion of agrochemicals. It is also responsible for phenomena such as enrichment. The misuse of agrochemicals is harmful to humans as well as the environment.


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